Coffee production in Asia is the source of one of coffee's most popular modern nicknames -- Java. The Dutch brought coffee seeds to the island of Java in the early 1700's. Their planting was, of course, wildly successful, solidifying the region's future as a global leader in coffee production.
While India is responsible for a reasonable percentage of coffee production in Asia, most of the region's exportation business stems from the exotic growing regions of Southeast Asia.
Chances are, you've heard of some of the major growing regions in Indonesia like Bali, Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi. Indonesia is an archipelago state three times larger than Texas. The warm, damp climate of the region produces coffees with deep body, low acidity, and earthy notes -- a flavor profile that mimics the beautiful, tropical landscape of the islands.
Vietnam only recently established itself as one of the top producers of coffee in the world. The industry started gaining traction there in the 1990's, when the World Bank saw a major business opportunity in exporting beans from there.
The coffee that comes from Vietnam is of the Robusta variety. Similar to the beans that come from Peru, beans from Vietnam are great for blending and adding flavors. With light acidity and and a mild body, Vietnam pours a balanced cup enjoyed by the masses.